Exit Strategies and Trade Dynamics in Repo Markets

Aleksander Berentsen, Sébastien Philippe Kraenzlin and Benjamin Müller

Issue
2015-09

Pages
42

JEL classification
E40, E50, D83

Keywords
exit strategies, money market, repo, monetary policy, interest rates

Year
2015

How can a central bank control interest rates in an environment with large excess reserves? In this paper, we develop a dynamic general equilibrium model of a secured money market and calibrate it to the Swiss franc repo market to study this question. The theoretical model allows us to identify the factors that determine demand and supply of central bank reserves, the money market rate and trading activity in the money market. In addition, we simulate various instruments that a central bank can use to exit from unconventional monetary policy. These instruments are assessed with respect to the central bank's ability to control the money market rate, their impact on the trading activity and the operational costs of an exit. All exit instruments allow central banks to attain an interest rate target. However, the trading activity differs significantly among the instruments and central bank bills and reverse repos are the most cost-effective.